The rebellion also effectively ended the samurai class, as the new Imperial Japanese Army built of conscripts without regard to social class had proven itself in battle. Try one of our favorite sweet satsuma treats and beverages here. Satsuma Rebellion~ Feburary 1877. Its name comes from the Satsuma Domain, which had been influential in the Restoration and became home to unemployed samurai after military reforms rendered their status obsolete. Support for Saigō was so strong that Satsuma had effectively seceded from the central government by the end of 1876. After combat losses and defections, SaigÅ had onlâ¦ æ ¶å, 1998), about the last Tokugawa Shogun, who was deposed by the Restoration Shinsengumi! When the plan was rejected, Saigō resigned from all of his government positions in protest and returned to his hometown of Kagoshima, as did many other Satsuma ex-samurai in the military and police forces. The domains of Satsuma and Choshu, in particular, were already considered to be fully modernized, having been equipped with Gatling guns, Minie rifles, and Armstrong guns, among other artillery and equipment. Each battalion consisted of four companies. The main Imperial Army, under General Kuroda Kiyotaka with the assistance of General Yamakawa Hiroshi arrived in Kumamoto on April 12, putting the now heavily outnumbered Satsuma forces to flight. See more ideas about japanese warrior, samurai, samurai art. , search. Each side had suffered more than 4,000 killed or wounded. Over the next three days, more than 1000 students staged raids on the naval yards and other arsenals.. The battles that made up the Boshin War transpired at different places between Toba Fushimi and Hakodate. , Saigō Takamori, one of the senior Satsuma leaders in the Meiji government who had supported the reforms in the beginning, was especially concerned about growing political corruption (popular prints depicted the rebel army with banners bearing the words shinsei-kōtoku (新政厚徳, new government, high morality). Of course, the forces of the Tokugawa Shogunatâ¦ When former samurai (shizoku) rose up in separate rebellions in Hagi, Akizuki, and Kumamoto in 1876, SaigÃ´ spoke of his moral support for these rebellions, but remained uninvolved. Imperial forces fell back, and Acting Major Nogi Maresuke of the Kokura Fourteenth Regiment lost the regimental colors in fierce fighting. During the siege, many Kumamoto ex-samurai flocked to Saigō's banner, swelling his forces to around 20,000 men. Legend says that one of his followers, Beppu Shinsuke acted as kaishakunin and aided Saigō in committing seppuku before he could be captured. On its march to Kumamoto castle, the army was divided into three divisions; a vanguard of 4,000 men, the main division of 4,000 men, and a rearguard of 2,000 men. However, the Satsuma army was able to cut its way free from encirclement. Saigō was severely wounded. Japanese Armies 1868â1877: The Boshin War and Satsuma Rebellion (Men-at-Arms Book 530) - Kindle edition by Esposito, Gabriele, Rava, Giuseppe. Presented with this sudden success, the greatly dismayed Saigō was reluctantly persuaded to come out of his semi-retirement to lead the rebellion against the central government. Japan was divided into six military districts: Tokyo, Sendai, Nagoya, Osaka, Hiroshima and Kumamoto, with two or three regiments of infantry, plus artillery and other auxiliary troops, assigned to each district. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Japanese Armies 1868â1877: The Boshin War and Satsuma Rebellion (Men-at-Arms Book 530). Japan Currency Museum. This page was last modified on 18 January 2016, at 11:21. Of course, the real Saigo wore a Western-style military uniform into battle... Nathan Algren replaces Jules Brunet, a French lieutenant. of soda water. The Commandant of Kumamoto Castle, Major General Tani Tateki had 3,800 soldiers and 600 policemen at his disposal. From SamuraiWiki. Imperial forces emerged victorious, but with heavy casualties on both sides. Saigō also started an artillery school. Modern weapons were also used such as the Model 1857 Six Line (Russian) muzzle loading rifles that could fire approximately one round per minute and their artillery consisted of 28 5-pounders, two 16-pounders, and 30 mortars. In December 1876, the Meiji government sent a police officer named Nakahara Hisao and 57 other men to investigate reports of subversive activities and unrest. To aid in the air of legality, Saigō wore his army uniform. He was responsible for the suppression of the Satsuma rebellion in 1877 (Seinan wars). Tabaruzaka was one of the most intense campaigns of the war. Following the Seikanron in 1873, in which SaigÃ´'s desires to invade Korea were overruled by other members of the inner circles of government, SaigÃ´ resigned from the government and returned to Satsuma, where his private academy became a center for samurai discussions of displeasure with the government. On the same day, Saigō met with his lieutenants Kirino Toshiaki and Shinohara Kunimoto and announced his intention of marching to Tokyo to ask questions of the government. In an interesting twist, Saigo Takamori of the very pro-Meiji Satsuma Domain later regretted his role in the Meiji Restoration. This book is a primary source of the Satsuma Rebellion. Satsuma Rebellion: Satsuma Clan Samurai Against the Imperial Japanese Army. SaigÃ´ was officially named a rebel by the Meiji government on February 20, and his army of roughly 15,000 former samurai reached Kumamoto two days later, marching on the castle amid the worst snowstorm in some fifty years. Written only a year or so after the event it does allow for contemporary opinion. If you want to follow our favorite ratios, try 2 oz. See more ideas about Satsuma rebellion, Satsuma, Takamori. ", Revolt of samurai against the Meiji imperial government. Take it one step further and add a sprig of mint or a teaspoon or â¦ The Satsuma Rebellion, also known as the Seinan War (Japanese: 西南戦争, Hepburn: Seinan Sensō, lit. The verâ¦ Marching north, his army was hampered by the deepest snowfall Satsuma had seen in more than 50 years, which, because of the similarity to the weather that had greeted those setting out to enact the Meiji Restoration nine years earlier, was interpreted by some as a sign of divine support.. Determined not to let the rebels escape again, Yamagata sent in a large force which outnumbered the Satsuma army 7:1. The five government warships in Kagoshima harbor added their firepower to Yamagata's artillery, and began to systematically reduce the rebel positions. In peacetime, each company had approximately 160 privates and 32 officers and non-commissioned officers. Satsuma Rebellion The first test of the young Meiji government came with the revolt of the powerful Satsuma clan based in the southern region of the island of Kyushu. Troops were landed at Ōita and Saiki north of Saigō's army, and Saigō was caught in a pincer attack. Anime & Manga Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for anime and manga fans. The Imperial Guard (mostly ex-samurai) was always maintained at wartime strength. Gordon, Andrew. Financially, crushing the Satsuma Rebellion cost the government greatly, forcing Japan off the gold standard and causing the government to print paper currency. Although Nakahara later repudiated the confession, it was widely believed in Satsuma and was used as justification by the disaffected samurai that a rebellion was necessary in order to "protect Saigō". Contemporary illustrations show the cavalry armed with lances. Jun 21, 2018 - Explore Alex Hada's board "Satsuma Rebellion (Southwestern war)" on Pinterest. There were two "regiments" of line cavalry and one "regiment" of imperial guard cavalry. The men were captured, and under torture, confâ¦ At the start of the Satsuma Rebellion, the Imperial Japanese Army (including the Imperial Guard) numbered approximately 34,000 men. Following defeat at the Siege of Kumamoto Castle and in other battles in central KyÅ«shÅ«, the surviving remnants of the samurai forces loyal to SaigÅ Takamori fled back to Satsuma, seizing the hill of Shiroyama overlooking Kagoshima on 1 September 1877. The government had just dealt with several small but violent samurai revolts in KyÅ«shÅ«, and the prospect of the numerous and fierce Satsuma samurai, being led in rebellion by the famous and popular SaigÅ was alarming. On his return to Kobe on February 12, Hayashi met with General Yamagata Aritomo and Itō Hirobumi, and it was decided that the Imperial Japanese Army would need to be sent to Kagoshima to prevent the revolt from spreading to other areas of the country sympathetic to Saigō. At the height of the battle, Saigō wrote a private letter to Prince Arisugawa, restating his reasons for going to Tokyo. It is a period film. Outraged by the government's tactics, 50 students from Saigō's academy attacked the Somuta Arsenal and carried off weapons. Other articles where Satsuma Rebellion is discussed: education: The conservative reaction: Following the repression of the Satsuma Rebellion, a samurai uprising in 1877, Japan again forged ahead toward political unity, but there was an increasing trend of antigovernment protest from below, which was epitomized by the Movement for Peopleâs Rights. Saigō's rebellion was the last and most serious of a series of armed uprisings against the new government of the Empire of Japan, the predecessor state to modern Japan. The cavalry regiment consisted of 150 men. Known in Japanese as the Seinan SensÃ´, or "Southwestern War," the rebellion was led by SaigÃ´ Takamori of Satsuma han (Kagoshima prefecture), and involved roughly 15,000 former samurai facing off against around 100,000 Imperial Japanese Army troops. ... (satsuma rebellion) because he thought meiji wanted to end samurai by making law that forbid samurai bring katana in public place and etc. With these deaths, the Satsuma rebellion came to an end. The men were captured, and under torture, confessed that they were spies who had been sent to assassinate Saigō. On September 14, SaigÃ´ and the last three hundred of his men finally succumbed, committing ritual suicide rather than be killed by the roughly 50,000 government troops who still faced them. It only takes a minute to sign up. Western interpretations include the 2003 American film The Last Samurai directed by Edward Zwick, which combines into a single narrative historical situations belonging both to the Boshin War, the 1877 Satsuma Rebellion, and other similar uprisings of ex-samurai during the early Meiji period. The modernization of the country meant the abolition of the privileged social status of the samurai class, and had undermined their financial position. The dresses, sewing machines, binoculars, boots, and other items acquired at the Paris Exhibition by the proprietor KOURA Momotoshi have aroused her curiosity. Plaque at site of SaigÃ´'s death, Shiroyama, Kagoshima. The modernization of the country meant the abolition of the privileged social status of the samurai class, and had undermined their financial position. In April 1877, Saigō reorganized the army into nine infantry units of 350 to 800 men each. The rebellion lasted from January 29, 1877, until September of that â¦ Ravina said that the war's scope was much farther than Satsuma, and he characterizes the event as being closer to a civil war than a rebellion. By August 17, the Satsuma army had been reduced to 3000 combatants, and had lost most of its modern firearms and all of its artillery. Saigō was a strong proponent of war with Korea in the Seikanron debate of 1873. (æ°æ°çµ!, 2004), an ensemble story about the leaders of the titular organization The Satsuma vanguard crossed into Kumamoto Prefecture on February 14. Although Satsuma Domain had been one of the key players in the Meiji Restoration and the Boshin War, and although many men from Satsuma had risen to influential positions in the new Meiji government, there was growing dissatisfaction with the direction the country was taking. A Modern History of Japan from Tokugawa Times to the Present, Second Edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 84. https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Satsuma_Rebellion&oldid=33694. Main article: Satsuma Rebellion SaigÅ preparing for war Shortly thereafter, a private military academy known as the Shi-gakkÅ was established in Kagoshima for the faithful samurai who had also resigned their posts to follow him from Tokyo. The schools resembled paramilitary political organizations more than anything else, and they enjoyed the support of the governor of Satsuma, who appointed disaffected samurai to political offices, where they came to dominate the Kagoshima government. His letter indicated that he was not committed to rebellion and sought a peaceful settlement. of Jack Rudy Tonic, and 4 to 5 oz. Artillery consisted of over 100 pieces, including 5.28 pound mountain guns, Krupp field guns of various calibers, and mortars. However, the Imperial Army was likewise depleted, and fighting was suspended for several weeks to permit reinforcement. Jump to: navigation. The international festival successes of such directors as Akira Kurosawa, Kenji Mizoguchi and Hiroshi Inagaki in the 1950s introduced the Japanese period drama to western cinemagoers. The rebellion has been described as the last gasp of the samurai, and as a defining or culminating event in the establishment of military conscription and of the Imperial Japanese Army. Gathering allies along the way, the Satsuma rebels moved into action, and began to make their way north, with intentions of seizing Kumamoto castle. Oct 13, 2020 - Explore TayCon's board "Asian/Pacific Theatre" on Pinterest. The 2003 Tom Cruise movie "The Last Samurai" is loosely based upon the events of the Satsuma Rebellion, but is largely ahistorical. Ravina prefers the English name "War of the Southwest. After two days of fruitless attack, the Satsuma forces dug into the rock-hard icy ground around the castle and tried to starve the garrison out in a siege. The Satsuma Rebellion which took place in 1877 was the most famous, and the final major instance out of a series of shizoku rebellions led in the late 1870s by former samurai of southwestern Japan against the prospect of the Meiji government abolishing their elite status and the rice stipends which had traditionally been the samurai's chief or sole source of income. He led his samurai straight up the middle of Kyushu, planning to cross the straits and march on Tokyo. In February 1877, the Meiji government dispatched Hayashi Tomoyuki, an official with the Home Ministry with Admiral Kawamura Sumiyoshi in the warship Takao to ascertain the situation. At first, Sato portrays SaitÅ as a cold, dark, uncaring captain of the Shinsengumi. The government, however, refused to negotiate. Japanese: è¥¿åæ¦äº (seinan sensou) The Satsuma Rebellion which took place in 1877 was the most famous, and the final major instance out of a series of shizoku rebellions led in the late 1870s by former samurai of southwestern Japan against the prospect of the Meiji government abolishing their elite status and the rice stipends which had traditionally been the samurai's â¦ The satsuma mandarin (Citrus reticulata subsp. When the offensive was resumed, Saigo retreated to Miyazaki, leaving behind numerous pockets of samurai in the hills to conduct guerilla attacks. Tabaruzaka was held by some 15,000 samurai from Satsuma, Kumamoto and Hitoyoshi against the Imperial Army's 9th Infantry Brigade (some 90,000 men). Fighting continued into the night. The Satsuma samurai were initially organized into six battalions of 2,000 men each. Saigo, however, had no regard for the conscripted farm boys who made up the imperial army. Word of SaigÅâs academies was greeted with considerable concern in Tokyo. However, Saigō burned his private papers and army uniform on August 19, and slipped away towards Kagoshima with his remaining able-bodied men.  Though they succeeded in destroying many of the castle's major buildings, they were ultimately unsuccessful in taking the castle; their siege of Kumamoto castle was brought to an end by a massive force of Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in early March, but despite suffering as much as 90% losses, SaigÃ´'s men retreated to Kagoshima via Hitoyoshi, Miyazaki, and Nobeoka, and continued to fight until September. In order to cut Saigō off from his base, an imperial force with three warships, 500 policemen and several companies of infantry, landed in Kagoshima on March 8, seized arsenals and took the Satsuma governor into custody. Hi I would like to suggest Samurai I: Miyamoto Musashi Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto - Wikipedia I would request you to read the link and about the two sequels. During this period, Japan had already opened itself to Western influences for about ten years and had been in the process of modernization. The situation was especially desperate for the defenders as their stores of food and ammunition had been depleted by a warehouse fire shortly before the rebellion began. SaitÅ is featured in the manga Getsumei Seiki, in later episodes of the anime Shura no Toki: Age of Chaos, and the video game series Bakumatsu Renka Shinsengumi and Code of the Samurai. Satsuma governor, Oyama Tsunayoshi, explained that the uprising was in response to the government's assassination attempt on Saigō, and asked that Admiral Kawamura (Saigō's cousin) come ashore to help calm the situation. Its name comes from the Satsuma Domain, which had been influential in the Restoration and became home to unemployed samurai after military reforms rendered their status obsolete. In December 1876, the Meiji government sent a police officer named Nakahara Hisao and 57 other men to investigate reports of subversive activities and unrest. âSean Michael Wilson has authored a unique line of manga-style books on Japanese themes. On July 24, the Imperial Army forced Saigō out of Miyakonojō, followed by Nobeoka. During war, the mountain artillery had a nominal strength of 160 men per battery and field artillery had 130 men per battery. , To help support and employ these men, in 1874 Saigō established a private academy known as the Shi-gakkō in Kagoshima. On a muddy field outside Kagoshima on September 25, 1877, the feudal system that had dominated Japan for 700 years died, not with a whimper but with a defiant roar. Katsumoto is a fictional counterpart to Saigo Takamori, who led the Satsuma Rebellion, and is generally thought of as the "last true Samurai". Each battalion was divided into ten companies of 200 men. Saigō expected both that a war would ultimately be successful for Japan and also that the initial stages of it would offer a means by which the samurai whose cause he championed could find meaningful and beneficial death. However, Yamagata was determined to leave nothing to chance. Imperial forces landed with few losses, then pushed north seizing the city of Miyanohara on March 19. Saigō Takamori was labelled as a tragic hero by the people and on February 22, 1889, Emperor Meiji pardoned Saigō posthumously. By 6 a.m., only 40 rebels were still alive. After Saigo's death, Beppu and the last of the "ex-samurai" drew their swords and plunged downhill toward the Imperial positions and to their deaths. The dresses, sewing machines, binoculars, boots, and other items acquired at the Paris Exhibition by the proprietor KOURA Momotoshi have aroused her curiosity. This influential clan was headed by the Shimazu family, which had been founded by Shimazu Tadahisa, son of Minamoto Yoritomo, in the Kamakura period. 2 Army, Colt M1861 Navy, M1841 Mississippi rifle, Sharps Carbine, Springfield Model 1855, Tanegashimas, Bajo-zutsu, and Wooden cannon, In English the most common name for the war is the "Satsuma Rebellion". The government had just dealt with several small but violent samurai revolts in Kyūshū, and they found the prospect of rebellion by the numerous and fierce Satsuma samurai, led by the famous and popular Saigō, an alarming one. In addition to the army, the central government also used marines and Tokyo policemen in its struggle against Satsuma. After Oyama departed, a flotilla of small ships filled with armed men attempted to board Takao by force, but were repelled. In true history the Satsuma Rebellion was finished as the remaining samurai, hopelessly outnumbered and outgunned, decided to charge at the imperial army and were cut down and killed to the last man. Rather than risk desertions or defections, Tani decided to stand on the defensive. Yamagata also landed a detachment with two infantry brigades and 1,200 policemen behind the rebel lines, so as to fall on them from the rear from Yatsushiro Bay. In February 1877, SaigÃ´ and his men heard rumors that the Meiji government was planning an assassination of SaigÃ´. Satsuma, the car the player builds and drives in My Summer Car This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Satsuma . Facts on Satsumas. After his failure to take Kumamoto, Saigō led his followers on a seven-day march to Hitoyoshi. Dates: 1877 /2-9. They were armed with breech-loading Snider rifles and could fire approximately six rounds per minute. This is also refered to as the Seinan Wars. The samurai were armed with traditional weapons including swords, polearms, and bows. In real life, Åkubo was murdered by six discontented clansmen on his way to Tokyo. At 6 that morning, the 40 remaining warriors of the last traditional samurai army in Japanese history rose from their foxholes, drew their swords and charged â¦ Names, Romanizations, and Spelling (page 2 of 2), Satsuma Rebellion: Satsuma Clan Samurai Against the Imperial Japanese Army, Organization of Imperial and Satsuma Forces, Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office, Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, German pre–World War II industrial co-operation, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Japanese dissidence in 20th-century Imperial Japan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Satsuma_Rebellion&oldid=995909585, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Buck, James H. "The Satsuma Rebellion of 1877. However, most of the garrison was from Kyūshū, while a significant number of officers were natives of Kagoshima; their loyalties were open to question. Weapons: katana, naginata, Uchigatana, bow and arrow, Smith & Wesson Model No. See more ideas about world war two, military history, military art. After Saigō rejected a letter dated September 1 from Yamagata drafted by a young Suematsu Kenchō (see M. Matsumura, Pōtsumasu he no michi, pub. Kumamoto castle, built in 1598, was among the strongest in Japan, but Saigō was confident that his forces would be more than a match for Tani's peasant conscripts, who were still demoralized by the recent Shinpūren rebellion. He ended up being swept into a leadership role in the doomed Satsuma Rebellion, which ended in 1877 with his death. The rebellion lasted from January 29, 1877, until September of that year, when it was decisively crushed and its leader, Saigō Takamori, committed seppuku after being mortally wounded. The “training” provided was not purely academic: although the Chinese classics were taught, all students were required to take part in weapons training and instruction in tactics. Saigō and his remaining samurai were pushed back to Kagoshima where, in a final battle, the Battle of Shiroyama, Imperial Army troops under the command of General Yamagata Aritomo and marines under the command of Admiral Kawamura Sumiyoshi outnumbered Saigō 60-to-1. of Bristow Gin, .75 oz. Although Satsuma had been one of the key players in the Meiji Restoration and the Boshin War, and although many men from Satsuma had risen to influential positions in the new Meiji government, there was growing dissatisfaction with the direction the country was taking. On the night of April 8, a force from Kumamoto castle made a sortie, forcing open a hole in the Satsuma lines and enabling desperately needed supplies to reach the garrison. Morale was extremely low, and lacking any strategy, the Satsuma forces dug in to wait for the next Imperial Army offensive. Satsuma Rebellion The imperial government in Tokyo expected Saigo to come to the capital by sea or to dig in and defend Satsuma. Rebellion of the samurai class lead by Saigo Takamori against the corrupt ministers of the emperor and in response to the treatment of former samurai who had lost there place when the Meiji came to power. This provoked open conflict, although with the elimination of samurai rice stipends in 1877, tensions were already extremely high. In the 2003 Japanese film When the Last Sword Is Drawn, SaitÅ is played by KÅichi SatÅ. After receiving reinforcements, the imperial force, now totaling 4,000 men, attacked the rear elements of the Satsuma army and drove them back. From Kagoshima Through the Siege of Kumamoto Castle", This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 15:02. Everything from the bakumatsu, Shinsengumi, lord Okubo, the Boshin wars, Hajime Saito (one of the best characters in the show for this reason) and even the Satsuma rebellion in 1877 which happens just before the anime and was referenced by Hajime Saito as the reason the govt didn't send the military to take down Shishio. On March 4 Imperial Army General Yamagata ordered a frontal assault from Tabaruzaka, guarding the approaches to Kumamoto, which developed into an eight-day-long battle. Soon 132 branches were established all over the prefecture. However, despite their successes, the Satsuma army failed to take the castle, and began to realize that the conscript army was not as ineffective as first assumed. In 1878, as the wave of Western culture spreads through Japan, in Nagasaki, Miyo, a girl orphaned in the Satsuma Rebellion works at a curio shop called Vingt. The author was an British diplomat serving in Japan during the Meiji Restoration and one of his primary tasks was to stay abreast of and report on current events during his posting. The Guard infantry was divided into 2 regiments of 2 battalions each. Saigō Takamori Gunmusho (軍務所) banknote, issued in 1877 to finance his war effort. The line infantry was divided into 14 regiments of three battalions each. During war a company's strength was to be increased to 240 privates. Satsuma mandarins (Citrus reticulata) have a wider temperature range than other citrus fruits because they can withstand colder temperatures. Most of Saigō's remaining forces either surrendered or committed seppuku. Battle of Tabaruzaka: Imperial troops on the left, rebel samurai troops on the right, Saigo's army clashes with the government's forces. , Word of Saigō's academies was greeted with considerable concern in Tokyo. On February 19, the first shots of the war were fired as the defenders of Kumamoto castle opened fire on Satsuma units attempting to force their way into the castle. Some of the little details such as the outlaw of swords for the samurai class and outlaw of top knots were true to the period. Lord Okubo: Åkubo Toshimichi. Seared Sea Scallops with Satsuma, Parsley, and Shallot Salsa; Lacquered Flounder; We also love the intense juice from these sweet fruits, so we incorporate the flavors into our guest-worthy cocktails or prepare segments in a cake for gorgeous, winter desserts. The Imperial Artillery consisted of 18 batteries divided into 9 battalions, with 120 men per battery during peacetime. , you may wish to change the link to point directly to the army, real... Seppuku before he could be captured for going to Tokyo escape again, Yamagata sent in large. On 23 December 2020, at 15:02 a.m., only 40 rebels were still alive as kaishakunin and aided in... 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